Seminario di filosofia dell’informatica presso l’Università dell’Aquila

Settimana prossima sarò a L’Aquila, su invito della collega professoressa Stefania Costantini.

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Il giorno 9 Maggio 2012, presso l’Aula C1.15 dell’edificio di Coppito 2 (Universita’ degli Studi dell’Aquila, sede di Via Vetoio), il Dr. Federico Gobbo dell’Universita’ dell’Insubria terra’ i seguenti seminari, rivolti agli studenti del Dottorato
di Ricerca in Informatica e Applicazioni ed aperti a tutti gli interessati.

Ore 11:30
Epistemologia dell’Informatica

L’incontro parte dalla presentazione delle due matrici che hanno dato fondamento alla disciplina: dal lato filosofico, l’Epistemologia nasce come una branca della filosofia analitica anglo-americana; dal lato informatico, l’Epistemologia eredita alcune tematiche fondamentali dell’Intelligenza Artificiale. Tali matrici si intrecciano di continuo, e non sempre e’ facile orientarsi: nel seminario, verra’ fornita una sorta di mappa concettuale a questo scopo. Particolare attenzione verra’ data al metodo dell’esperimento mentale, dal classico test di Turing – di recente tornato in voga in occasione dell’Alan Turing Year – alla Stanza Cinese di Searle fino a Floridi e Gobbo.

Attualmente le direzioni di ricerca ruotano attorno a due paradigmi di riferimento:
(1) la Filosofia dell’Informazione o Philosophy of Information di Luciano Floridi (Universities of Oxford and Hertfordshire) e collaboratori; (2) la Philosophy of Computing, dove vengono riconsiderati diversi concetti della computazione (e della
computabilita’, tra cui l’uso di diverse logiche non-classiche).

L’incontro verte sulla presentazione e discussione dei due paradigmi, alla luce dei risultati raggiunti e soprattutto di quelli ancora da raggiungere.

Ore 15:00
Etica dell’Informatica

L’etica dell’informatica nasce a meta’ degli anni 1980 con due matrici parallele e indipendenti: il lavoro sul fondamento della Computer Ethics da parte di Deborah Johnson, nato da una riflessione della filosofia morale di stampo utilitaristico e pragmatista, basato induttivamente sul metodo dei casi, e la riflessione sulle implicazioni socio-politiche del modello di produzione del software, da parte della Free Software Foundation e del progetto GNU di Richard Stallman.

A differenza dell’Epistemologia, esistono diverse correnti in Etica dell’Informatica, spesso indipendenti le une dalle altre, che fanno riferimento sostanzialmente al tipo di problema affrontato: oggi non si discute pi´u solo di privacy o proprieta’ intellettuale (il cosiddetto PAPA), ma anche di citizen journalism, blogging, politica 2.0 (e-government), divario digitale, accesso internet e minori, e così via.

L’incontro intende mostrare come molti settori, anche altamente specialistici come per esempio il computer trusting, abbiano risvolti etici spesso non ancora esplorati adeguatamente.

La kanalo pri mia kurso en Hajnano

Iom post iom mi eldonos ĉiun filmeton de la lecionaro pri Filozofio kaj Historio de Informatiko ĉi-tie. Mi malkovris, ke YouTube permesas al mi alŝuti pli altkvalitan version ol tiun en Vimeo kaj Ipernitio. Strange, sed vere. Do, laŭeble elektu ĉi-tiun jutuban kanalon.

Libertà accademica

Mettevo a posto la libreria, e ho trovato questo passo di un saggio di Bertrand Russell, dal titolo Libertà accademica:

Prima di esaminare le attuali condizioni della libertà accademica, sarà utile stabilire cosa noi intendiamo con questo termine. Fondamento della libertà accademica è che gli insegnanti siano scelti per la loro competenza nelle materie che debbono insegnare, e che a giudicare di questa competenza siano gli altri competenti. Che uno sia un buon matematico, un buon fisico, o un buon chimico, può essere provato soltanto da altri matematici, o fisici, o chimici, i quali siano in grado di giudicare imparzialmente. Gli avversari della libertà accademica ritengono che, oltre alle capacità inerenti all’insegnamento, altre condizioni debbano essere prese in considerazione. Un insegnante, secondo loro, non dovrebbe avere mai espresso opinioni contrarie ai detentori del potere.

Russell scrive nel 1940, quando i totalitarismi sono all’apice del potere e hanno fatto sprofondare l’Europa nel momento più tenebroso della sua storia, la seconda guerra mondiale.

È nei momenti più difficili che bisogna riaffermare i fondamenti. Sulla didattica il nostro è altrettanto chiaro:

Una delle cose più importanti da sviluppare negli istituti scolastici di una nazione democratica è la facoltà critica degli allievi. La formazione di menti aperte, preparate ad ammettere come a rispettare, se è il caso, qualsiasi opinione, dovrebbe essere scopo e vanto della scuola. Se la censura mette il bavaglio all’insegnante, l’opera di censura non servirà più allo scopo e produrrà, anziché una nazione di uomini, un branco di fanatici e bigotti.

Mi piace ricordare queste parole oggi, primo giorno di voto del ballottaggio a Milano, la mia città.

Information Systems: Why History Matters

FYI:

Call for Papers for a Special Issue of Journal of Information Technology

Information Systems: Why History Matters

Senior Editors:
Antony Bryant
Alistair Black
Frank Land
Jaana Porra

Any discipline or field of professional practice has a history. A proper understanding of the discipline needs to be based on a widespread awareness of that history. The field of information systems (IS) is no different in this regard. As the IS field matures, it needs to evolve a historical perspective on its own subject matter.

Although there has been some significant work within IS studies that relies upon and uses historical data, there is little by way of information historiography to guide further work and future research. This is ironic given that information systems themselves are now the fons et origo of contemporary (richly demonstrated by the recent WIKILEAKS affair) and future archives. In addition, there is significant reliance upon case studies, and other forms of historical narrative, in IS research and general IS literature. So it is essential that those working within IS studies understand the role and nature of archives and other historical sources, both in terms of a resource for research into information history, and as a topic for discussion amongst archivists, historians, and other information and information system researchers and professionals: Also developing an awareness of the processes underlying the development of archives as social artefacts.

The interest in producing IS history encompasses many disciplines and varying perspectives on IS. The IS discipline itself is closely related to other disciplines or research domains, such as information studies, information science, library history, organizational studies, business studies, software engineering (including requirements engineering), HCI, AI, CAD/CAM, criminology, social studies, behavioural sciences, economics and communication studies – although all too often these links are ignored or simply forgotten. In so doing, the IS community is missing an opportunity to engage with, and learn from, others with differing perspectives on topics of common interest. Furthermore, this engenders an uneasy feeling that many current IS issues and concerns might be at least partially resolved with a better knowledge and understanding of ‘information history’ in its broadest sense.

The purpose of this special issue is to provide a broad based platform for an IS historical discourse. Thus, we welcome contributions from all fields that are concerned with the IS subject matter. While many aspects and areas of IS studies rely on historical data, evidence and archives, the common goal is to produce a body of IS history. In this spirit, we invite contributions on a variety of topics related to IS history. Such topics may touch upon fundamental philosophical questions such as: What is IS history? At a more practical level, they may include areas such as:
the development of information history as a multidisciplinary research effort
an analysis of historical approaches and methods and what these can provide for the IS researcher
the existence of primary sources for IS history, and associated problems of access and methodology
the nature of the archive
good examples of the use of historiographic approaches to IS studies
previously unpublished histories
the study of the evolution of the IS disciplines
how the boundaries of the discipline were set and defined
the study of the evolution of IS organization, practice and management, including such practices as outsourcing
the study of the evolution of the IS profession
the study of the evolution of the role of information systems and professionals in organizations
the study of the evolution of IS design methodologies
the study of evolution of IS applications
exploring the management of change
the importance of understanding the pre-history of IS as currently defined, including continuities or contrasts with earlier pre-computer phases, technologies and systems
the study of IS innovation and diffusion including: stages of growth models; the study of IS success and failure; use and policies around public and private archives
information archives in the age of Freedom of Information legislation, PR and spin
the use of history as an instrument for understanding the present and planning the future; and the consequent dangers of ‘presentism’
the inevitability of the ‘double hermeneutic’ in unravelling the historical record

ASSOCIATE EDITORS

Frank Bannister, Trinity College, Dublin

Rudy Hirschheim, Distinguished Professor of Information Systems at the EJ Ourso College of Business Administration at Louisiana State University, USA

Nathalie Mitev, Department of Information Systems, LSE, UK

Neil Pollock, Reader in e-business, University of Edinburgh, UK

Neil Ramiller Professor of Management, School of Business Administration, Portland State University

Boyd Rayward, Professor Emeritus, University of Illinois, USA

Burt Swanson, Professor and Area Chair for Information Systems at the UCLA Anderson School, USA

Toni Weller, Visiting Research Fellow in History, Department of Historical and Social Studies, De Montfort University, UK

DEADLINES & SUBMISSION INSTRUCTIONS

Information about JIT, including formatting requirements, can be found at http://www.palgrave-journals.com/jit/index.html

Questions about the special issue can be directed to Tony Bryant [a.bryant at leedsmet.ac.uk]

Papers should be submitted to JIT [JITedoffice at lse.ac.uk] with the title of the Special Issue in the Subject Line.

Timetable:
December 31 2011 Articles submitted
July 31 2012 Reviews returned to authors
October 31 2012 Revised version of articles due

December 31 2012 Final papers selected
June 2013 Publication of Special Issue

Digital Ethics Symposium call for papers

FYI:

The center for Digital Ethics & Policy at Loyola University Chicago (digitalethics.org) will be holding a Digital Ethics Symposium on October 28th, 2011.
We are looking for papers on digital ethics which would first be presented at the symposium, with the best of those then included in an edited volume on digital ethics.
Authors of accepted papers will be eligible for up to $400 in travel funds to be able to attend the Chicago symposium. The author(s) of the top student paper will be eligible for up to $1,000 in travel funds.
The paper might be on topics such as privacy, anonymity, griefing, free speech, intellectual property, hacking, scamming, surveillance, information mining, transparency, digital citizenship, or anything else relating to ethical questions and digital technology.
Abstracts are due by midnight CST on June 30th, 2011., should follow APA or MLA style and be no longer than 500 words, not including references.
Send your submission in a MS Word document attachment to contact at digitalethics.org, and please write Digital Ethics Symposium submission in the subject line.
You can send questions to the same email address.

Colloque sur l’épistémologie comparée des concepts d’information et de communication dans les disciplines scientifiques

Pour v/info

Colloque sur l’épistémologie comparée des concepts d’information et de communication dans les disciplines scientifiques (EPICIC).
8 avril 2011 à l’Université Jean Moulin, Lyon – France

Auditorium Malraux
Site http://isko-france.asso.fr/epicic/

Entrée gratuite (sans déjeuner)
Entrée avec déjeuner et pauses café : 30€.
Inscription obligatoire dans tous les cas.

Programme
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9h. Accueil & Allocution de bienvenue
Pr. Jacques Comby, Vice Président chargé de Recherche, Université de Lyon3.
Fidelia Ibekwe-SanJuan, MCF-HDR, Université Lyon3

9h30 -11h : Le concept d’information en science de l’information LIS : investigations épistemologiques.
Modérateur: Josip Ciric (Université de Zadar, Croatia)
Thomas Dousa. Doctorant, School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois, (USA).
Documentary Languages and the Demarcation of Information Units in Textual Information.

Birger Hjorland . Professeur Royal School of Information science, Copenhagen, Denmark.
The nature of information science and its core concepts.

Discussion

11h-11h10 Pause café

11h20 – 13h : Information & communication : une approche transdisciplinaire.
Moderator: Tatjana Aparac-Jelusic (Université de Zadar, Croatia)
Bruno Bachimont . Directeur Scientifique à l’Institut National de l’Audiovisuel (INA) et Directeur de Recherche à l’Université de Technologie de Compiègne (UTC).
Information et communication : phénomènes empiriques mais concepts mal définis.
Soren Brier . Professeur de sémiotique, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
The Cybersemiotic approach to a transdisciplinary and evolutionary theory of meaningful information, cognition and communication.

Discussion

1pm – 2 :30pm : Déjeuner

14h30 – 15h30 : Information, communication et connaissance.
Moderator: Fidelia Ibekwe-SanJuan (Université Lyon3)
Luciano Floridi. Chaire UNESCO « Information and Computer Ethics » et professeur, University of Oxford & University of Hertfordshire (UK) .
Perception and Testimony as Data Providers
Discussion

15h50-16h00 Pause café

16h00 – 17h30 : Théorie de pertinence et construction de sens.
Moderator: Colin Schmidt (Université LeMans , France)
Sylvie Leleu-Merviel . Professeur, Université de Lille-Nord de France et Conseiller scientifique auprès du Ministère de la Recherche et de l’Enseignement Supérieur.
Horizon de pertinence dans le processus informationnel

Ira Noveck . Directeur de recherche au laboratoire L2C2, Institut de Sciences Cognitives, CNRS, Lyon.
The interface between sentence meaning and speaker meaning
Discussion

17h30- 18h00 Session plénière : tous les intervenants
Discussions avec le public.

International Conference: The Collective Dimension of Science

FYI:

International Conference: The Collective Dimension of Science

Nancy, France
date: December 8-10th 2011
(http://poincare.univ-nancy2.fr/TheCollectiveDimensionofScience/?contentId=8901)

Keynote speakers

– John Greco (Saint Louis University)
– Philip Kitcher (Columbia University)
– Paul Thagard (University of Waterloo)
– John Woods (University of British Columbia)
– Jesus Zamora-Bonilla (UNED, Madrid)

Program Committee

Anouk Barberousse (IHPST, University Paris 1-ENS), Alvin Goldman (Rutgers), Gerhard Heinzmann (Archives Poincaré, University Nancy 2), Cyrille Imbert (Archives Poincaré, University Nancy 2), Johannes Lenhard (University of Bielefeld), Olivier Roy (Ludwig-Maximilians-
Universität München), Roger Pouivet (Archives Poincaré, University Nancy 2), Jan Sprenger (Tilburg University), John Woods (University of British Columbia).

Presentation of the conference

The goal of the conference is to discuss philosophical issues related to the collective aspects of science, especially within computational science and “big science”. While studies within social epistemology already investigate the social dimension of the production and validation of beliefs and knowledge, science is not their core object of study. This conference will be devoted to examining to what extent a too individualistic and resource-insensitive philosophical perspective about scientific practices and the making of scientific knowledge is insufficient and conversely to what extent a focus upon extended and/or social agents is needed. We wish to create fruitful interactions between researchers from different fields or subfields such as philosophy of science, (social) epistemology, epistemic logic, formal epistemology, philosophy of economics, philosophy of logic but also mathematics, computer science or cognitive science (especially distributed cognition).

Though this conference mainly addresses philosophical questions, submissions in history or sociology of science that are clearly connected with some of the research questions will also be considered.

The conference language is English.

A few travel grants will be available for students presenting a paper at the conference. To apply for a travel grant, please send an email to Cyrille.Imbert@univ-nancy2.fr after submitting your abstract and include a CV with description of status and affiliation.

Organizers
– Anouk Barberousse (CNRS, IHPST – University Paris 1 – ENS) 1
– Cyrille Imbert (CNRS, Archives Poincaré – University Nancy 2)

Information about submissions

We invite submissions of extended abstracts. Submissions should take the form of an extended abstract of 1000 words. All submissions must be made electronically through our automatic submission system (see the submission page) by May 30, 2011 at the latest. Papers should be suitable for a presentation of around 30 minutes with a 15 minute question-and-answer session. Decisions will be made by June 30, 2011 and authors notified by the beginning of July. All enquiries about the call for papers should be addressed to Cyrille.Imbert@univ-nancy2.fr.

Questions of interest include, but are not limited to:

– Similarities and differences (definitional, epistemological, etc.) between individual and collective or computer-based scientific knowledge
– Description and analysis of collective and/or computational scientific agents and their capacities
– Role and epistemology of various types of computer (personal computers, giant computers, parallel computers, etc.)
– How is collective scientific work achieved in practice?
– Scientific understanding within collective and computational science
– Role and modalities of scientific communication within collective and computational science
– Transmission and diffusion of scientific results: role of images, formats, summaries, versions of results, etc.
– The epistemology of scientific storage: (open) encyclopedias, public databases, scientific archives, etc.
– Division and distribution of scientific work, modularity of tasks and scientific optimality
– Empiricism, conventionalism and pragmatism at the age of collective and computational science
– Individual and collective scientific rationality
– Tacit knowledge within scientific interactions and practices
– Traditional questions within social epistemology (e.g. expertise, testimony, judgment aggregation, organization of knowledge communities, etc.) applied to science
– Comparative approaches between formal and empirical sciences about the listed topics
– Epistemological issues within “big science” e.g. climate science, explorative biological research programs (HGP, barcoding of life), collective science in high-energy physics, etc.

Dates and Deadlines

– May 30 2011: Abstract submission deadline
– June 30 2011: Notification of acceptance
– November 1 2011: Registration deadline
– December 8-10 2011: Conference

Financial support for the conference is provided by the MSH Lorraine, the Archives Poincaré and the IHPST.

CfP: Philosophy & Engineering. Formal knowledge facing history, technology and materiality

FYI

Workshop “Philosophy & Engineering. Formal knowledge facing history, technology and materiality.”
(Atelier “Philosophie & Ingénierie. Le formel face à l’histoire, la technologie et la matérialité.”)

IC 2011 – 22nd French national conference on Knowledge Engineering
(22èmes Journées francophones d’Ingénierie des Connaissances)
http://ic2011.liris.cnrs.fr/

Chair: Alexandre Monnin
Location and date: Chambéry (France), May 16-17, 2011
Hosted by the AFIA joint Conferences in Artificial Intelligence.

Knowledge engineering has a tradition of reusing concepts belonging to the philosophical tradition. In a sense, one could go as far as to say that it is a “continuation of philosophy through other means and methods”. As a consequence, the objects it inherits undergo many deep transformations. What is conversely at stake for philosophy is to understand how its concepts are modified in a context where technology is paramount. The Web exemplifies this trend and yet adds another layer of complexity, as betokens the expression “philosophical engineers” forged by Tim Berners-Lee himself to describe the people who created the Web and characterize their work. This workshop would like to explore the links between philosophy and engineering both from a theoretical and practical point of view and reconsider the activity of practicing philosophy at the present time.

Alexandre Monnin
Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne/CNAM/Institut de Recherche et d’Innovation
Email: alexandre dot monnin at malix dot univ-paris1 dot fr
Deadline: 17 April
Submissions in English are welcome