Concept Reengineering Needed For Our Hyperconnected Era

IMG_3032 Recently the European Commission has launched the Online Initiative, officially presented the 8th of February in Brussels. I was there, and I want to share same ideas that swarmed around during the lively discussions we had.

It was Robert Madelin, the Director-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology, who opened the session and revealed a marvellous chair during the whole day: he briefly added a note to the panelists, so to encourage us, the participants, to give our thoughts. The presentation of the Onlife Manifesto was done by Luciano Floridi, who took a little walk on the (wild?) side of the Manifesto, which is a result of a collective work of 13 scholars devoted to Computing & Philosohpy (download it here to have a glance).

IMG_3029The essential metaphor was the estuary, where a river meets the sea: there, we cannot be sure if water is salty or still trinkable: the real world is the sea, while the virtual world is the river. We live more and more in an interactive environment, where the traditional distinctions (e.g., real/virtual, human/machine/nature) do not stand anymore. Take for example 3D printing, or the global videogame market, which is a reification of the virtual. The new imperative is the centrality of interaction: for the Millennials, to be is to be interactable, and if you don’t interact with me, you don’t exist. In sum, the Manifesto is a constructive contribution to rethink us in a hyperconnected world, towards a new InfoEthics. For more information, see Floridi’s slides.

Then, Jean-Gabriel Ganascia gave us highlights on what does hyperconnectivity mean. The hyper- prefix is taken from physics (think about ‘hyperconductivity’), and it is very productive, because it is concerned with hyper-diffusibility (e.g., e-books), hyper-memorisability (e.g., clouding), or even hyper-history, recently introduced by Floridi himselfe, causing a political apoptosis. We are in a phase of transition, and henceforth forced to rethink concepts like policy, politics, democracy and so on.

This passage lead us the the problem of distributed responsibility: we have Multi-Agent Systems, drones, software, robots, and so no, which work in the same environment with humans (remember the estuary!) and pose new challenges. These were the topics addressed by Judith Simon, who argues that the state’s monopoly of power and legitimate violence are now inadequate, and we need knowledge practices for an epistemic dimension of reasoning that takes the ethic values from the start, not appended at the end. So we re-design governance through ICT tools. After her talk, Robert Madelin raised a key question: how can we avoid paternalism?

IMG_3035 Then, it was the turn of the anthropologist: Stefana Broadbent introduced the notion of gray ecology, which is a measure of the pollution brought by digital technologies. In other words, hwo can we reach “clean technologies”, for our mind? Put in other words: how a hyperconnected, relational self, can protect oneself? She gave us as an example the Millennials’ practice of Facebook time: me and my peers know that I will be online in Facebook only one hour, more precisely 12:00-13:00 (lunch time, more or less). Why? Because attention is a scarse resource, and we need to put in charge attention economy strategies.

Peter-Paul Verbeek addressed the blurring of the traditional dichotomy public/private: on one side, we have to reconfigure privacy; on the other side, we have to reconfigure citizenship. The question is: what kind of democracy we will have in an onlife world?

I hope that you enjoyed this post. Now, you can participate directly. First, take a look to the user manual of the Onlife Initiative; then, co-create the vision of Europe 2050, signing up in Futurium.

And don’t forget to follow the official Twitter hashtag #onlifeeu for last news.

Seminario di filosofia dell’informatica presso l’Università dell’Aquila

Settimana prossima sarò a L’Aquila, su invito della collega professoressa Stefania Costantini.

======================================================================
Il giorno 9 Maggio 2012, presso l’Aula C1.15 dell’edificio di Coppito 2 (Universita’ degli Studi dell’Aquila, sede di Via Vetoio), il Dr. Federico Gobbo dell’Universita’ dell’Insubria terra’ i seguenti seminari, rivolti agli studenti del Dottorato
di Ricerca in Informatica e Applicazioni ed aperti a tutti gli interessati.

Ore 11:30
Epistemologia dell’Informatica

L’incontro parte dalla presentazione delle due matrici che hanno dato fondamento alla disciplina: dal lato filosofico, l’Epistemologia nasce come una branca della filosofia analitica anglo-americana; dal lato informatico, l’Epistemologia eredita alcune tematiche fondamentali dell’Intelligenza Artificiale. Tali matrici si intrecciano di continuo, e non sempre e’ facile orientarsi: nel seminario, verra’ fornita una sorta di mappa concettuale a questo scopo. Particolare attenzione verra’ data al metodo dell’esperimento mentale, dal classico test di Turing – di recente tornato in voga in occasione dell’Alan Turing Year – alla Stanza Cinese di Searle fino a Floridi e Gobbo.

Attualmente le direzioni di ricerca ruotano attorno a due paradigmi di riferimento:
(1) la Filosofia dell’Informazione o Philosophy of Information di Luciano Floridi (Universities of Oxford and Hertfordshire) e collaboratori; (2) la Philosophy of Computing, dove vengono riconsiderati diversi concetti della computazione (e della
computabilita’, tra cui l’uso di diverse logiche non-classiche).

L’incontro verte sulla presentazione e discussione dei due paradigmi, alla luce dei risultati raggiunti e soprattutto di quelli ancora da raggiungere.

Ore 15:00
Etica dell’Informatica

L’etica dell’informatica nasce a meta’ degli anni 1980 con due matrici parallele e indipendenti: il lavoro sul fondamento della Computer Ethics da parte di Deborah Johnson, nato da una riflessione della filosofia morale di stampo utilitaristico e pragmatista, basato induttivamente sul metodo dei casi, e la riflessione sulle implicazioni socio-politiche del modello di produzione del software, da parte della Free Software Foundation e del progetto GNU di Richard Stallman.

A differenza dell’Epistemologia, esistono diverse correnti in Etica dell’Informatica, spesso indipendenti le une dalle altre, che fanno riferimento sostanzialmente al tipo di problema affrontato: oggi non si discute pi´u solo di privacy o proprieta’ intellettuale (il cosiddetto PAPA), ma anche di citizen journalism, blogging, politica 2.0 (e-government), divario digitale, accesso internet e minori, e così via.

L’incontro intende mostrare come molti settori, anche altamente specialistici come per esempio il computer trusting, abbiano risvolti etici spesso non ancora esplorati adeguatamente.

Alan Turing, l’esperanto, e l’artificio del linguaggio

Aside

Solo una macchina può apprezzare un sonetto scritto da un’altra macchina. — Alan Turing

Ricevo e volentieri pubblico:

Prendi due e paghi metà di uno

Ogni tanto ti è capitato di sentire la parola «esperanto». Sai pure che si tratta di una lingua mondiale. Forse non sai che è parlata da alcuni milioni di persone un po’ dovunque nel mondo, compresa l’Italia

Saprai anche che è la lingua più facile da imparare: il nostro corso di una settimana (24 ore) ti fa raggiungere un livello di semplice conversazione.

Mazara del Vallo è una città fantastica in Sicilia, piena di storia e di mare.

Le condizioni sono vantaggiose: il corso, l’alloggio in pensione completa nel prestigioso Hotel Hopps sul lungomare di Mazara del Vallo a soli 450 euro, tutto compreso (camera doppia). Anzi, se hai fino a 30 anni il tutto a soli 300 euro (tripla o quadrupla).

Questo nel quadro del 79° Congresso di Esperanto in Italia, dal 18 al 25 agosto 2012.
Vedi http://congresso.esperanto.it/ e scrivi subito a kongreso chiocciola esperanto.it .

Faccio notare che a Pasqua c’e’ anche il Festival Giovanile Internazionale, a Cervia, con un tema interessante, che va da Leibniz ad Alan Turing fino a Zuckerberg, il fondatore di Facebook (se vi ricorda il titolo del mio libro, non è casuale, ma non l’ho scelto io, diciamo che si sono ispirati…). Comunque faccio una conferenza anch’io su Turing, ad uso del pubblico esperantofono. Questo per celebrare l’Alan Turing Year.

La kanalo pri mia kurso en Hajnano

Iom post iom mi eldonos ĉiun filmeton de la lecionaro pri Filozofio kaj Historio de Informatiko ĉi-tie. Mi malkovris, ke YouTube permesas al mi alŝuti pli altkvalitan version ol tiun en Vimeo kaj Ipernitio. Strange, sed vere. Do, laŭeble elektu ĉi-tiun jutuban kanalon.

150 anni di tecnologia italiana: dalle prime trasmissioni all’era digitale

Per conoscenza

150 anni di tecnologia italiana

150 anni di tecnologia italiana: dalle prime trasmissioni all’era digitale

L’Associazione Forseti ripercorre la storia del Bel Paese
attraverso le invenzioni che l’hanno reso grande nel mondo

Nell’anno del centocinquantesimo anniversario dell’Unità d’Italia, Forseti – associazione
impegnata nella promozione e della diffusione della cultura informatica e tecnologica – rende
omaggio alle geniali menti italiane che, attraverso le loro invenzioni, hanno rivoluzionato le
nostre vite. L’esposizione di pannelli illustrativi che ricorda i vari personaggi e le varie invenzioni
dall’Unità d’Italia ai nostri giorni è visibile ancora per pochi giorni lungo i portici di via Volta a
Varese. Nell’ambito della mostra Forseti organizza un convegno aperto al pubblico (ingresso
libero) dal titolo: “150 anni di tecnologia Italiana, dalle prime trasmissioni all’era digitale”, che
vedrà protagonisti diversi personaggi del mondo scientifico e tecnologico italiano, si svolgerà
giovedi 15 dicembre 2011 alle ore 20.30, presso la “Sala Montanari” in via dei Bersaglieri, 1 a
Varese.

Interverranno nella serata:
* Prof. F. Gobbo – Centro di Ricerca “Informatica Interattiva” dell’Università degli Studi
dell’Insubria di Varese
* Dott.ssa L. Ronzon – Responsabile del Patrimonio Storico del Museo Nazionale della
Scienza e della Tecnologia di Milano
* Dott. B. Grampa – Associazione “Museo dei computer -Amici di HAL”
* Prof. G.A. Cignoni e Prof. F. Gadducci – Dipartimento di Informatica dell’Università di Pisa.
(Fondazione Galileo Galilei e Museo degli Strumenti di Calcolo Pisa)
* Moderatore della serata: dott. M. Inzaghi, Direttore di Rete55 – Varese.

La serata fa parte delle iniziative che Forseti ha organizzato nell’ambito delle celebrazioni del
centocinquantesimo anniversario Unità d’Italia insieme alla mostra che è stata inaugurata
domenica 4 Dicembre in via Volta (a Varese) e che sarà visibile fino a domenica 18 Dicembre.
I relatori ripercorreranno proprio il tema della mostra presentando le invenzioni che negli ultimi
150 anni hanno reso il made in italy così importante anche in ambito tecnologico. La seconda
parte della serata sarà invece dedicata ad una tavola rotonda tra gli esperti coinvolti che
affronterà il delicato tema del futuro delle nuove tecnologie.
L’iniziativa è patrocinata dal Comune di Varese, dalla Provincia di Varese e dalla Regione
Lombardia e ha ottenuto l’utilizzo del logo ufficiale del “150° Anniversario dell’Unità d’Italia”.
Ricordiamo l’ingresso libero e aperto a tutti.

Nota logistica: parcheggi disponibili lungo le adiacenti via Cavour e via Dandolo.

Conference about Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence

FYI

INVITATION TO PARTICIPATE
Conference “Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence” (PT-AI 2011)
October 3 & 4, 2011
Thessaloniki, Anatolia College/ACT
http://www.pt-ai.org/

REGISTRATION: http://www.pt-ai.org/registration (80 Euros full, 40 Euros student)
DEADLINE: 27.09.2011

The theory and philosophy of artificial intelligence has come to a crucial point where the agenda for the forthcoming years is in the air – this conference will try to set that agenda and to gather many of the key players.

INVITED KEYNOTE SPEAKERS
Hubert Dreyfus, Berkeley University
James H. Moor, Dartmouth College
Rolf Pfeifer, University of Zurich

INVITED SPEAKERS
Mark H. Bickard, Lehigh University
Nick Bostrom, University of Oxford
Brian Cantwell Smith, University of Toronto
Ron Chrisley, University of Sussex
Antoni Gomila, University of the Baleares
J. Kevin O’Regan, CNRS, Paris
Matthias Scheutz, Tufts University, Boston
Oron Shagrir, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Aaron Sloman, University of Birmingham
Tom Ziemke, University of Skovde

A further 39 papers have been accepted for presentation in the sections, following double blind reviewing (1/3 from outside Europe).

For authors and titles, please see: http://www.pt-ai.org/program

SAPERE, Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics

FYI:

STUDIES IN APPLIED PHILOSOPHY, EPISTEMOLOGY AND RATIONAL ETHICS (SAPERE)

The Series publish new developments and advances in all the fields of
philosophy, epistemology, and ethics, bringing them together with a
cluster of scientific disciplines and technological outcomes…
http://www.springer.com/series/10087

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
Lorenzo Magnani, Department of Philosophy and Computational Philosophy
Lab, University of Pavia, Pavia, ITALY

EDITORIAL BOARD
Atocha Aliseda, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), MEXICO
Giuseppe Longo, Ecole Normale Supérieure et CREA, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, FRANCE
Chris Sinha, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK
Paul Thagard, Waterloo University, Waterloo, Ontario, CANADA
John Woods, University of British Columbia, CANADA

Initial proposals can be sent to the Editor-in-Chief,
prof. Lorenzo Magnani, lmagnani at unipv.it

Digital Ethics Symposium call for papers

FYI:

The center for Digital Ethics & Policy at Loyola University Chicago (digitalethics.org) will be holding a Digital Ethics Symposium on October 28th, 2011.
We are looking for papers on digital ethics which would first be presented at the symposium, with the best of those then included in an edited volume on digital ethics.
Authors of accepted papers will be eligible for up to $400 in travel funds to be able to attend the Chicago symposium. The author(s) of the top student paper will be eligible for up to $1,000 in travel funds.
The paper might be on topics such as privacy, anonymity, griefing, free speech, intellectual property, hacking, scamming, surveillance, information mining, transparency, digital citizenship, or anything else relating to ethical questions and digital technology.
Abstracts are due by midnight CST on June 30th, 2011., should follow APA or MLA style and be no longer than 500 words, not including references.
Send your submission in a MS Word document attachment to contact at digitalethics.org, and please write Digital Ethics Symposium submission in the subject line.
You can send questions to the same email address.

International Conference: The Collective Dimension of Science

FYI:

International Conference: The Collective Dimension of Science

Nancy, France
date: December 8-10th 2011
(http://poincare.univ-nancy2.fr/TheCollectiveDimensionofScience/?contentId=8901)

Keynote speakers

– John Greco (Saint Louis University)
– Philip Kitcher (Columbia University)
– Paul Thagard (University of Waterloo)
– John Woods (University of British Columbia)
– Jesus Zamora-Bonilla (UNED, Madrid)

Program Committee

Anouk Barberousse (IHPST, University Paris 1-ENS), Alvin Goldman (Rutgers), Gerhard Heinzmann (Archives Poincaré, University Nancy 2), Cyrille Imbert (Archives Poincaré, University Nancy 2), Johannes Lenhard (University of Bielefeld), Olivier Roy (Ludwig-Maximilians-
Universität München), Roger Pouivet (Archives Poincaré, University Nancy 2), Jan Sprenger (Tilburg University), John Woods (University of British Columbia).

Presentation of the conference

The goal of the conference is to discuss philosophical issues related to the collective aspects of science, especially within computational science and “big science”. While studies within social epistemology already investigate the social dimension of the production and validation of beliefs and knowledge, science is not their core object of study. This conference will be devoted to examining to what extent a too individualistic and resource-insensitive philosophical perspective about scientific practices and the making of scientific knowledge is insufficient and conversely to what extent a focus upon extended and/or social agents is needed. We wish to create fruitful interactions between researchers from different fields or subfields such as philosophy of science, (social) epistemology, epistemic logic, formal epistemology, philosophy of economics, philosophy of logic but also mathematics, computer science or cognitive science (especially distributed cognition).

Though this conference mainly addresses philosophical questions, submissions in history or sociology of science that are clearly connected with some of the research questions will also be considered.

The conference language is English.

A few travel grants will be available for students presenting a paper at the conference. To apply for a travel grant, please send an email to Cyrille.Imbert@univ-nancy2.fr after submitting your abstract and include a CV with description of status and affiliation.

Organizers
– Anouk Barberousse (CNRS, IHPST – University Paris 1 – ENS) 1
– Cyrille Imbert (CNRS, Archives Poincaré – University Nancy 2)

Information about submissions

We invite submissions of extended abstracts. Submissions should take the form of an extended abstract of 1000 words. All submissions must be made electronically through our automatic submission system (see the submission page) by May 30, 2011 at the latest. Papers should be suitable for a presentation of around 30 minutes with a 15 minute question-and-answer session. Decisions will be made by June 30, 2011 and authors notified by the beginning of July. All enquiries about the call for papers should be addressed to Cyrille.Imbert@univ-nancy2.fr.

Questions of interest include, but are not limited to:

– Similarities and differences (definitional, epistemological, etc.) between individual and collective or computer-based scientific knowledge
– Description and analysis of collective and/or computational scientific agents and their capacities
– Role and epistemology of various types of computer (personal computers, giant computers, parallel computers, etc.)
– How is collective scientific work achieved in practice?
– Scientific understanding within collective and computational science
– Role and modalities of scientific communication within collective and computational science
– Transmission and diffusion of scientific results: role of images, formats, summaries, versions of results, etc.
– The epistemology of scientific storage: (open) encyclopedias, public databases, scientific archives, etc.
– Division and distribution of scientific work, modularity of tasks and scientific optimality
– Empiricism, conventionalism and pragmatism at the age of collective and computational science
– Individual and collective scientific rationality
– Tacit knowledge within scientific interactions and practices
– Traditional questions within social epistemology (e.g. expertise, testimony, judgment aggregation, organization of knowledge communities, etc.) applied to science
– Comparative approaches between formal and empirical sciences about the listed topics
– Epistemological issues within “big science” e.g. climate science, explorative biological research programs (HGP, barcoding of life), collective science in high-energy physics, etc.

Dates and Deadlines

– May 30 2011: Abstract submission deadline
– June 30 2011: Notification of acceptance
– November 1 2011: Registration deadline
– December 8-10 2011: Conference

Financial support for the conference is provided by the MSH Lorraine, the Archives Poincaré and the IHPST.